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Have you been wondering why people with autism show different types of symptoms?
This is because there are different types of Autism disorders.
Autism doesn't have a single cause, but there are certain risk factors that make some children more susceptible than others.
Autism is a brain disorder that affects how people behave or interact with their surroundings.
It may be subtle, moderate, or critical.
But to effectively manage autism in a child, you have to know the type of autism you are dealing with; so what are the major types of autism?
We have different types of autism, but in this article, we shall look at the five major types of autism.
They are Rett Syndrome, Asperger's Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD), Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), and Kanner's Syndrome.
High-functioning Autism and Low-functioning Autism
High-functioning autism: People with high-functioning autism have no intellectual disability, but they may need support in other areas such as social skills development, speech, and language therapy, or occupational therapy.
These types of support can help people with high-functioning autism lead full and productive lives.
Low-functioning autism: People with low-functioning autism exhibit more significant challenges than those who are considered high-functioning.
Low-functioning autism is often used to describe individuals who do not use speech to communicate or who have an intellectual disability.
Individuals with low-functioning autism tend to need more support from parents or caregivers than those who are high-functioning.
Rett Syndrome affects the normal development of the brain, which causes a gradual loss of speech and motor skills; it mostly affects girls.
Development in most babies with Rett syndrome is normal for the first six to eighteen months.
But they start losing skills they developed like the ability to walk, crawl, use their hands, or communicate.
As time goes on, children diagnosed with Rett syndrome start having serious problems using the muscles associated with coordination, movements, and communication.
In severe cases, it may result in the child having seizures and eventually losing intellectual abilities.
Symptoms that are associated with Rett syndrome include:
Asperger's syndrome is also called level 1 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
It is one type of autism that is at the mild end of the spectrum. In this type of autism, children have problems related to social interaction and communication skills but have normal intelligence levels and language skills.
Unlike other forms of autism, people suffering from Asperger's do not have any significant delays in cognitive development or speech.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is a rare medical condition that occurs late in the life of a child usually older than three years. It is a type of autism that affects the development of motor skills, language skills, and social functions.
It affects many different aspects of a child's development. It is grouped under the Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) category and is also related to the commonly known Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
CDD has been found to have no specific medical or neurological cause.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) is a group of medical disorders characterized by impaired development in verbal and nonverbal communication, imaginative activities, social interaction, and a drastic decrease in interests and activities that are usually repetitive.
It usually occurs in infancy, but it is not categorized until after three years. Parents usually begin to worry when they notice their child lagging in developments that are associated with age like speech production and the appropriate motor movement.
Kanner syndrome is a type of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This syndrome is usually characterized by a lack of communication and social skills in children.
It sometimes occurs in the early years, but sometimes it occurs after the child has developed only to regress into withdrawals.
Autism is a complex developmental disorder that belongs to a group of conditions known as autism spectrum disorders. This condition is characterized by problems in communication, social interaction, and repetitive behaviors. There are different types of autism that affect children in different ways.
Understanding the different types of autism can help you decide which type your child may have so that you can get the correct treatment for the same.
Learning about these types of autism will also help you understand your child better and make it easier for you to tackle difficult situations.
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